Containerization is a system of intermodal freight transport using intermodal containers (also called shipping containers and ISO containers and Refrigerated containers).

The containers have standardized dimensions. They can be loaded and unloaded, stacked, transported efficiently over long distances, and transferred from one mode of transport to another—container ships, rail transport flatcars, and semi-trailer trucks—without being opened. The handling system is completely mechanized so that all handling is done with cranes and special forklift trucks. All containers are numbered and tracked using computerized systems. Containerization also reduced congestion in ports, significantly shortened shipping time and reduced losses from damage and theft.

As such, depending on the type of products to be shipped or the special services needed from them, container units may vary in dimension, structure, materials, construction etc. several types of shipping containers are being used today to meet requirements of all kinds of cargo shipping. Some of the most common types of shipping containers in use today are mentioned below.

The most commonly used shipping containers; they come in various dimensions standardized by ISO. They are used for shipping of dry materials and come in size of 20ft, 40 ft, and 10ft.
With collapsible sides, these are like simple storage shipping containers where the sides can be folded so as to make a flat rack for shipping of a wide variety of goods.
With a convertible top that can be completely removed to make an open top so that materials of any height can be shipped easily.
Container storage units provided with doors on both ends of the container, they are extremely helpful in quick loading and unloading of materials.
These storage units are provided with doors that can change into completely open sides providing a much wider room for loading of materials.
They are kind of storage units that are provided with double doors, making a wider room for loading and unloading of materials. Construction materials include steel, iron etc in standardized sizes of 20ft and 40ft.
These are temperature regulated shipping containers that always have a carefully controlled low temperature. They are exclusively used for the shipment of perishable substances like fruits and vegetables over long distances.
Another kind of shipping containers includes half height containers. Made mostly of steel, these containers are half the height of full sized containers. Used especially for good like coal, stones etc which need easy loading and unloading.
Container storage units used mostly for transportation of liquid materials, they are used by a huge proportion of entire shipping industry. They are mostly made of strong steel or other anti-corrosive materials providing them with long life and protection to the materials.
A foldable container, this is one of the specialized container units made for purpose of transporting sets or stacks of materials. They are made of thick and strong wire mesh along with rollers that allow their easy movement. Availability in a range of colored wire meshes makes these shipping container units a little more cheerful.
These are the shipping storage containers that come with a regulated temperature control allowing them to maintain a higher temperature. The choice of material is so done to allow them long life without being damaged by constant exposure to high temperature. They are most suitable for long-distance transportation of products.

Why Ocean Container Insurance?

Empty container insurance is considered to be important because anything could happen to your cargo when you are shipping containers overseas. Poor packaging or securing of your freight container or an ocean vessel could cause massive damage. If your containers have empty space the cargo might shuffle and also increase a chance of moisture damage. Robbery of containers is also a major issue. When container damage occurs the shippers might face a financial dilemma. Hence, it is important to get cargo insurance for your ocean freight.

Cargo Container insurance safeguards the box from any road accidental damages or external visible damages. Since these containers are used over a period of at least 10 years and moves from country to country, they are insured for only basic risk or ITC B. Any internal damages or handling damages are not covered. Thousands of containers move on Indian roads and they need to be insured. They are insured on a return journey basis. RKinsure specializes in container insurance be it open policy or specific transit policies.